Windows下VS2017编译OpenCV 3.4.0-rc

简述很久没有用过OpenCV了,这次需要做一点图像处理相关的工作,又需要用起来,这里记录一下编译的过程。。
编译好的文件在这里https://pan.baidu.com/s/1qXCWxkw1、下载源码这里就不下载源码压缩包了,直接从github上克隆一下。
# 因为访问github较慢,这里直接使用的国内码云同步仓库
git clone https://gitee.com/mirrors/opencv.git
# github上的地址为:https://github.com/opencv/opencv.git
克隆之后可以将3.4.0-rc分支打包出来,你也可以直接切换到3.4.0-rc分支或者直接使用master的代码。
cd opencv
git archive -o ../opencv3.4.0.zip 3.4.0-rc
打包出来的压缩包是不含git仓库的相关文件的,不是很大,可以解压到你想解压的目录。2、使用cmake生成VS工程我这里就没有使用命令行,直接使用的cmake-gui进行的配置。
选择源码目录和构建目录之后,点击configure按钮,然后选择编译器为visual studio 2015 2017 win64,等待配置结束。(配置的过程中会去下载opencv_ffmpeg.dll等文件,过程可能比较慢)我使用的构建选项改变如下(Tools-->My Changes)Commandline options: -DBUILD_JAVA:BOOL="0" -DENABLE_LTO:BOOL="1" -DWITH_GSTREAMER:BOOL="0" -DCPACK_BINARY_ZIP:BOOL="1" -DBUILD_TESTS:BOOL="0" -DENABLE_CXX11:BOOL="1" -DBUILD_PERF_TESTS:BOOL="0" -DCPACK_SOURCE_7Z:BOOL="0" -DCPACK_BINARY_NSIS:BOOL="0" Cache file: BUILD_JAVA:BOOL=0 ENABLE_LTO:BOOL=1 WITH_GSTREAMER:BOOL=0 CPACK_BINARY_ZIP:BOOL=1 BUILD_TESTS:BOOL=0 ENABLE_CXX11:BOOL=1 BUILD_PERF_TESTS:BOOL=0 CPACK_SOURCE_7Z:BOOL=0 CPACK_BINARY_NSIS:BOOL=0配置输出信息如下General configuration for OpenCV 3.4.0-rc ===================================== Version control: unknown Platform: Timestamp: 2017-12-20T08:35:12Z Host: Windows 10.0.14393 AMD64 CMake: 3.7.2 CMake generator: Visual Studio 15 2017 Win64 CMake build tool: C:/Program Files (x86)/Microsoft Visual Studio/2017/Community/MSBuild/15.0/Bin/MSBuild.exe MSVC: 1912 CPU/HW features: Baseline: SSE SSE2 SSE3 requested: SSE3 Dispatched code generation: SSE4_1 SSE4_2 FP16 AVX AVX2 requested: SSE4_1 SSE4_2 AVX FP16 AVX2 SSE4_1 (3 files): + SSSE3 SSE4_1 SSE4_2 (1 files): + SSSE3 SSE4_1 POPCNT SSE4_2 FP16 (1 files): + SSSE3 SSE4_1 POPCNT SSE4_2 FP16 AVX AVX (5 files): + SSSE3 SSE4_1 POPCNT SSE4_2 AVX AVX2 (9 files): + SSSE3 SSE4_1 POPCNT SSE4_2 FP16 FMA3 AVX AVX2 C/C++: Built as dynamic libs?: YES C++11: YES C++ Compiler: C:/Program Files (x86)/Microsoft Visual Studio/2017/Community/VC/Tools/MSVC/14.12.25827/bin/Hostx86/x64/cl.exe (ver 19.12.25831.0) C++ flags (Release): /DWIN32 /D_WINDOWS /W4 /GR /EHa /D _CRT_SECURE_NO_DEPRECATE /D _CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE /D _SCL_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS /Gy /bigobj /GL /Oi /wd4251 /wd4324 /wd4275 /wd4512 /wd4589 /MP4 /MD /O2 /Ob2 /DNDEBUG /Zi C++ flags (Debug): /DWIN32 /D_WINDOWS /W4 /GR /EHa /D _CRT_SECURE_NO_DEPRECATE /D _CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE /D _SCL_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS /Gy /bigobj /GL /Oi /wd4251 /wd4324 /wd4275 /wd4512 /wd4589 /MP4 /D_DEBUG /MDd /Zi /Ob0 /Od /RTC1 C Compiler: C:/Program Files (x86)/Microsoft Visual Studio/2017/Community/VC/Tools/MSVC/14.12.25827/bin/Hostx86/x64/cl.exe C flags (Release): /DWIN32 /D_WINDOWS /W3 /D _CRT_SECURE_NO_DEPRECATE /D _CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE /D _SCL_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS /Gy /bigobj /GL /Oi /MP4 /MD /O2 /Ob2 /DNDEBUG /Zi C flags (Debug): /DWIN32 /D_WINDOWS /W3 /D _CRT_SECURE_NO_DEPRECATE /D _CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE /D _SCL_SECURE_NO_WARNINGS /Gy /bigobj /GL /Oi /MP4 /D_DEBUG /MDd /Zi /Ob0 /Od /RTC1 Linker flags (Release): /machine:x64 /LTCG /INCREMENTAL:NO /debug Linker flags (Debug): /machine:x64 /LTCG /debug /INCREMENTAL ccache: NO Precompiled headers: YES Extra dependencies: 3rdparty dependencies: OpenCV modules: To be built: calib3d core dnn features2d flann highgui imgcodecs imgproc ml objdetect photo python_bindings_generator shape stitching superres ts video videoio videostab Disabled: js world Disabled by dependency: - Unavailable: cudaarithm cudabgsegm cudacodec cudafeatures2d cudafilters cudaimgproc cudalegacy cudaobjdetect cudaoptflow cudastereo cudawarping cudev java python2 python3 viz Applications: apps Documentation: YES (C:/Program Files/doxygen/bin/doxygen.exe 1.8.10) Non-free algorithms: NO Windows RT support: NO GUI: Win32 UI: YES VTK support: NO Media I/O: ZLib: build (ver 1.2.11) JPEG: build (ver 90) WEBP: build (ver encoder: 0x020e) PNG: build (ver 1.6.34) TIFF: build (ver 42 - 4.0.9) JPEG 2000: build (ver 1.900.1) OpenEXR: build (ver 1.7.1) Video I/O: Video for Windows: YES DC1394: NO FFMPEG: YES (prebuilt binaries) avcodec: YES (ver 57.89.100) avformat: YES (ver 57.71.100) avutil: YES (ver 55.58.100) swscale: YES (ver 4.6.100) avresample: YES (ver 3.5.0) DirectShow: YES Parallel framework: Concurrency Trace: YES (with Intel ITT) Other third-party libraries: Intel IPP: 2017.0.3 [2017.0.3] at: C:/OpenCV/opencv3.4.0/build/3rdparty/ippicv/ippicv_win Intel IPP IW: sources (2017.0.3) at: C:/OpenCV/opencv3.4.0/build/3rdparty/ippicv/ippiw_win Lapack: NO Eigen: NO Custom HAL: NO NVIDIA CUDA: NO OpenCL: YES (no extra features) Include path: C:/OpenCV/opencv3.4.0/3rdparty/include/opencl/1.2 Link libraries: Dynamic load Python (for build): C:/Program Files/Python36/python.exe Matlab: NO Install to: C:/OpenCV/opencv3.4.0/build/install ----------------------------------------------------------------- Configuring done配置完成后点击Generate按钮创建VS解决方案即可。3、编译你可以直接进入cmake的构建输出目录,双击OpenCV.sln使用VS2017打开,然后构建。
也可以使用命令行进行编译# Release版构建命令如下 C:OpenCVopencv3.4.0build>msbuild /p:configuration=Release /maxcpucount:4 OpenCV.sln # Debug版本只需要将上面的Release改为Debug即可 # 构建完成后,使用下面命令进行安装(安装输出到build下的install目录,实际上面构建完成就已经安装) C:OpenCVopencv3.4.0build>msbuild /p:configuration=Release /maxcpucount:4 INSTALL编译完成安装后,即可到build/install目录下查看相关的头文件和库文件。4、遇到的错误和解决办法1、perl --version错误 “C:OpenCVopencv3.4.0buildOpenCV.sln”(默认目标) (1) -> “C:OpenCVopencv3.4.0builddocdoxygen_cpp.vcxproj.metaproj”(默认目标) (50) -> “C:OpenCVopencv3.4.0builddocdoxygen_cpp.vcxproj”(默认目标) (52) -> (CustomBuild 目标) -> CUSTOMBUILD : error : Problems running bibtex. Verify that the command 'perl --version' works from the command line. Exit code: 1 [C:OpenCVopencv3.4.0builddocdoxygen_cpp.vcxproj] 46 个警告 1 个错误这个错误与docgen_cpp.vcxproj这个工程相关,那么是生成文档相关的,这里就不该了,直接去掉doxygen文档生成选项。
在命令行参数中添加-DBUILD_DOCS:BOOL="0"或者在cmake-gui中将BUILD_DOC选中的勾去掉。
然后重新ConfigureGenerate一下。然后重新编译即可。

相关内容推荐