关于H5页面在iPhoneX适配

​1.  iPhoneX的介绍屏幕尺寸我们熟知的iPhone系列开发尺寸概要如下:△ iPhone各机型的开发尺寸转化成我们熟知的像素尺寸:△ 每个机型的多维度尺寸倍图其实就是像素尺寸和开发尺寸的倍率关系,但这只是外在的表现。倍图核心的影响因素在于PPI(DPI),了解屏幕密度与各尺寸的关系有助于我们深度理解倍率的概念:《基础知识学起来!为设计师量身打造的DPI指南》iPhone8在本次升级中,屏幕尺寸和分辨率都遗传了iPhone6以后的优良传统;然而iPhone X 无论是在屏幕尺寸、分辨率、甚至是形状上都发生了较大的改变,下面以iPhone 8作为参照物,看看到底iPhone X的适配我们要怎么考虑。我们看看iPhone X尺寸上的变化:2.  iPhoneX的适配---安全区域(safe area)苹果对于 iPhone X 的设计布局意见如下:核心内容应该处于 Safe area 确保不会被设备圆角(corners),传感器外壳(sensor housing,齐刘海) 以及底部的 Home Indicator 遮挡。也就是说 我们设计显示的内容应该尽可能的在安全区域内;3.  iPhoneX的适配---适配方案viewport-fit    3.1  PhoneX的适配,在iOS 11中采用了viewport-fit的meta标签作为适配方案;viewport-fit的默认值是auto。    viewport-fit取值如下:                                                   auto 默认:viewprot-fit:contain;页面内容显示在safe area内                                                   cover viewport-fit:cover,页面内容充满屏幕       viewport-fit meta标签设置(cover时) 
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1.0, minimum-scale=1.0, maximum-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no, viewport-fit=cover">

    3.2  css constant()函数 与safe-area-inset-top & safe-area-inset-left & safe-area-inset-right & safe-area-inset-bottom的介绍     如上图所示 在iOS 11中的WebKit包含了一个新的CSS函数constant(),以及一组四个预定义的常量:safe-area-inset-left, safe-area-inset-right, safe-area-inset-top和 safe-area-inset-bottom。当合并一起使用时,允许样式引用每个方面的安全区域的大小。    3.1当我们设置viewport-fit:contain,也就是默认的时候时;设置safe-area-inset-left, safe-area-inset-right, safe-area-inset-top和 safe-area-inset-bottom等参数时不起作用的。    3.2当我们设置viewport-fit:cover时:设置如下
body {
    padding-top: constant(safe-area-inset-top);   //为导航栏+状态栏的高度 88px            
    padding-left: constant(safe-area-inset-left);   //如果未竖屏时为0                
    padding-right: constant(safe-area-inset-right); //如果未竖屏时为0                
    padding-bottom: constant(safe-area-inset-bottom);//为底下圆弧的高度 34px       
}
4.   iPhoneX的适配---高度统计    viewport-fit:cover + 导航栏  5.iPhoneX的适配---媒体查询注意这里采用的是690px(safe area高度),不是812px;
        @media only screen and (width: 375px) and (height: 690px){
            body {
                background: blue;
            }
        }
6.iphoneX viewport-fit  问题总结1.关于iphoneX 页面使用了渐变色时;如果viewport-fit:cover;    1.1在设置了背景色单色和渐变色的区别,如果是单色时会填充整个屏幕,如果设置了渐变色 那么只会更加子元素的高度去渲染;而且页面的高度只有690px高度,上面使用了padding-top:88px;  body固定为:
<body><div class="content">this is subElement</div></body>
1.单色时: 
       * {
           padding: 0;
           margin: 0;        
       }        
       body {
           background:green;
           padding-top: constant(safe-area-inset-top); //88px            
           /*padding-left: constant(safe-area-inset-left);*/            
           /*padding-right: constant(safe-area-inset-right);*/            
           /*padding-bottom: constant(safe-area-inset-bottom);*/        
       }
2.渐变色 
       * {
           padding: 0;
           margin: 0;
       }
       body {
           background:-webkit-gradient(linear, 0 0, 0 bottom, from(#ffd54f), to(#ffaa22));
           padding-top: constant(safe-area-inset-top); //88px
           /*padding-left: constant(safe-area-inset-left);*/
           /*padding-right: constant(safe-area-inset-right);*/
           /*padding-bottom: constant(safe-area-inset-bottom);*/
       }
 解决使用渐变色 仍旧填充整个屏幕的方法;CSS设置如下
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
   <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1, viewport-fit=cover">
   <title>Designing Websites for iPhone X: Respecting the safe areas</title>
   <style>        * {
       padding: 0;
       margin: 0;
   }
   html, body {
       height: 100%;
   }
   body {
       padding-top: constant(safe-area-inset-top);
       padding-left: constant(safe-area-inset-left);
       padding-right: constant(safe-area-inset-right);
       padding-bottom: constant(safe-area-inset-bottom);
   }
   .content {
       background: -webkit-gradient(linear, 0 0, 0 bottom, from(#ffd54f), to(#ffaa22));
       width: 100%;
       height: 724px;
   }    </style>
</head>
<body>
<div class="content">this is subElement</div>
</body>
</html>
 2.页面元素使用了固定定位的适配即:{position:fixed;}        2.1 子元素页面固定在底部时;使用viewport-fit:contain时;可以看到bottom:0时只会显示在安全区域内; 
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
   <meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1">
   <!--<meta name="viewport" content="initial-scale=1, viewport-fit=cover">-->
   <title>Designing Websites for iPhone X: Respecting the safe areas</title>
   <style>
       * {
           padding: 0;
           margin: 0;
       }
       /*html,body {*/
           /*height: 100%;*/
       /*}*/
       body {
           background: grey;
           /*padding-top: constant(safe-area-inset-top);*/
           /*padding-left: constant(safe-area-inset-left);*/
           /*padding-right: constant(safe-area-inset-right);*/
           /*padding-bottom: constant(safe-area-inset-bottom);*/
       }
       .top {
           width: 100%;
           height: 44px;
           background: purple;
       }
       .bottom {
           position: fixed;
           bottom: 0;
           left: 0;
           right: 0;
           height: 44px;
           color: black;
           background: green;
       }
   </style>
</head>
<body>
   <div class="top">this is top</div>
   <div class="bottom">this is bottom</div>
</body>
</html>
 2.1 子元素页面固定在底部时;使用viewport-fit:cover时;可以看到bottom:0时只会显示在安全区域内;   
       * {
           padding: 0;
           margin: 0;
       }
       /*html,body {*/
           /*height: 100%;*/
       /*}*/
       body {
           background: grey;
           padding-top: constant(safe-area-inset-top);
           /*padding-left: constant(safe-area-inset-left);*/
           /*padding-right: constant(safe-area-inset-right);*/
           /*padding-bottom: constant(safe-area-inset-bottom);*/
       }
       .top {
           width: 100%;
           height: 44px;
           background: purple;
       }
       .bottom {
           position: fixed;
           bottom: 0;
           left: 0;
           right: 0;
           height: 44px;
           color: black;
           background: green;
       }
 添加html,body   {width:100%;heigth:100%}  图1:
 * {
           padding: 0;
           margin: 0;
       }
       html,body {
           height: 100%;
       }
       body {
           background: grey;
           padding-top: constant(safe-area-inset-top);
           padding-left: constant(safe-area-inset-left);
           padding-right: constant(safe-area-inset-right);
           padding-bottom: constant(safe-area-inset-bottom);
       }
       .top {
           width: 100%;
           height: 44px;
           background: purple;
       }
       .bottom {
           position: fixed;
           bottom: 0;
           left: 0;
           right: 0;
           height: 44px;
           color: black;
           background: green;
       }
 图2: 
       * {
           padding: 0;
           margin: 0;
       }
       html,body {
           height: 100%;
       }
       body {
           background: grey;
           padding-top: constant(safe-area-inset-top);
           padding-left: constant(safe-area-inset-left);
           padding-right: constant(safe-area-inset-right);
           /*padding-bottom: constant(safe-area-inset-bottom);*/
       }
       .top {
           width: 100%;
           height: 44px;
           background: purple;
       }
       .bottom {
           position: fixed;
           bottom: 0;
           left: 0;
           right: 0;
           height: 44px;
           color: black;
           background: green;
       }
 2.3 关于alertView弹框 遮罩层的解决方案 

 

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
   <meta charset="UTF-8">
   <!--<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0, minimum-scale=1.0, maximum-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no">-->
   <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1.0, minimum-scale=1.0, maximum-scale=1.0, user-scalable=no, viewport-fit=cover">
   <meta http-equiv="pragma" content="no-cache">
   <meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache">
   <meta http-equiv="expires" content="0">
   <title>alertView</title>
   <script data-res="eebbk">
       document.documentElement.style.fontSize = window.screen.width / 7.5 + 'px';
   </script>
   <style>
       * {
           margin: 0;
           padding: 0;
       }
       html,body {
           width: 100%;
           height: 100%;
       }
       body {
           font-size: 0.32rem;
           padding-top: constant(safe-area-inset-top);
           padding-left: constant(safe-area-inset-left);
           padding-right: constant(safe-area-inset-right);
           padding-bottom: constant(safe-area-inset-bottom);
       }
       .content {
           text-align: center;
       }
       .testBut {
           margin: 50px auto;
           width: 100px;
           height: 44px;
           border: 1px solid darkgray;
           outline:none;
           user-select: none;
           background-color: yellow;
       }
   </style>
   <link href="alertView.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css">
</head>
<body>
   <section class="content">
       <button class="testBut" onclick="showLoading()">弹框加载</button>
   </section>
   <script type="text/javascript" src="alertView.js"></script>
   <script>
       function showLoading() {
           UIAlertView.show({
               type:"input",
               title:"温馨提示",              //标题
               content:"VIP会员即将到期",     //获取新的
               isKnow:false
           });
           var xx = new UIAlertView();
          console.log(xx);
       }
   </script>
</body>
</html>

 

参考资料:

 iPhone X的Web设计

   iPhone X适配没那么复杂,但也不是看上去这么简单

   剖析 iOS 11 网页适配问题

 iPhone X(10)屏幕分辨率与适配

   iPhone X 适配手Q H5 页面通用解决方案 

 

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