Java 留学生作业编程代写、Battleship代写代做、Java编程代写

Java 留学生作业编程代写、Battleship代写代做
Big Program 1: Battleship
In this assignment, you will create a text-based Battleship (Wikipedia: Battleship (game)) program. It will be a
one player game versus the computer. The computer will perform be the simplest possible heuristic, making all
of its moves randomly. Sample run of the finished program (interleaved input and output): SampleFinal.txt
As shown in the sample run above, the display to the user during game play includes two boards. The board to
the left is the primary board (“My Ships:”) and it shows the player’s ships and tracks the shots fired by the
computer. The board on the right is the tracking board (“My Shots:”) and it shows the shots (hits and miss)
taken by the human player.
Grading Scheme:? GradingBigPrograms.pdf
Row-major order:? In the design of this program, we will view the 2d arrays as row-major order. This means
that the first dimension represents the y-coordinate of the game board (the rows) and the second dimension
represents the x-coordinate (the columns).
Files:? Battleship.java, Config.java and TestBattleship.java are provided.
Battleship.java -- Contains all the methods (as stubs) necessary for all three milestones of this program.
Detailed method headers are provided for you in the file. The implementation of each method must
meet the detailed descriptions in the method headers.
TestBattleship.java -- Contains a framework for your test bench.
Config.java -- Whenever you need these values, use the constants defined in Config.java. The testing
may use different values for these constants.
BP1 Team
Students who wish to may work with at most one pair programming partner on Big Program 1.
1. Both students must read the Pair Programming Rules and Guidelines.
2. Both students must individually? fill out the TEAM FORM requesting the other as their partner.
A. To use the above form, you need to be logged into the google account that is associated with your UW Netid. If you
see the message “You need permission”? when following the link above, please 1) direct your browser to
google.com 2) click on the profile icon in the upper right corner of the screen and choose sign out, 3) then click “Sign
In” and use the link “Sign in with a different account” link at the bottom of the following screen, 4) from there you can
“Add an account” and use your netid-based wisc.edu email address to login to google. Doing all of this should allow
you to subsequently access the Team Form linked to above. Please report any further problems on piazza for
troubleshooting assistance.
3. The TEAM FORM must be filled out before 6:00 pm on Thursday, March 15th? (when Milestone 1 is
due).
4. Both students must submit the team code to their own zyBooks account for grading.? For
milestone 3, from zyBooks, we will pick one partner’s copy of the program to human grade and assign
both partners the same grade.
5. We suggest finding a partner at about your same programming knowledge and skill level.
6. We recommend working closely together (Pair Programming), not dividing up by milestones or steps.
The assignment is designed to be progressive, each step building the previous. If you skip a step, it
may be difficult to continue. Work closely together, discussing as you go.
Students are not required to work with another student on Big Program 1.
Project designed by Marc Renault.
Last update: 2018-03-13 1 of 6
Milestone 1: Basic Interface and Supporting Methods.
1. Create a new project in Eclipse. (Battleship would be a sensible choice for the project name.)
2. Download Config.java,put in your project src folder and review the contents to become familiar with the
constants.
3. Download Battleship.java and TestBattleship.java and save them in your project src folder.
4. Best practice: ?Start by writing the tests.
a. Add 2 more tests to the testCoordAlphaToNum method.
b. Using the testCoordAlphaToNum method as template, write a method
testCoordNumToAlpha to test the coordNumToAlpha method with at least 2 tests.
c. OPTIONAL: This is not required for the BP1 assignment, but ideally you would also create test
methods for promptInt, promptChar and promptString. These methods require a
Scanner object. To do the automated testing, you can create a Scanner object from a String.
5. In this milestone, you will implement the methods: coordAlphaToNum, coordNumToAlpha,
promptChar, promptInt, promptStr, and initBoard. The suggested approach is as
follows:
a. First implement coordAlphaToNum.
i. Use the test bench to check your method.
ii. Once it passes your test bench, submit to zyBooks to see if you pass zyBooks test 1.
b. Then, implement coordNumToAlpha.
i. Use the test bench to check your method.
ii. Once it passes your test bench, submit to zyBooks to see if you pass zyBooks test 2.
c. Then, implement promptInt,and promptStr. If you implemented tests, use your test bench
to test.
d. Finally, implement the initBoard method.
6. With the supporting methods written, you can write the basic main method with a play again loop. For
Milestone 1, an algorithm for the main method is:
Begin the play again loop
Call promptInt for the “board height”, where the minimum value is
Config.MIN_HEIGHT and the maximum value is Config.MAX_HEIGHT.
Call promptInt for the “board width”, where the minimum value is Config.MIN_WIDTH
and the maximum value is Config.MAX_WIDTH, followed by a newline.
Using the values read in for the height and the width, create the three 2d arrays required (see
main method header for more details) and initialize them with initBoard.
Prompt the user with “Would you like to play again? (y/n): “, using the
promptChar method.
Exit the loop if the value of promptChar is not a ‘y’
7. Submit your Battleship.java? and TestBattleship.java ?files to zyBooks for feedback and grading. We
recommend you complete commenting and styling your code for each milestone as described in the
Program Grading section of this document. Your highest scoring results prior to 6:00pm or (11:59pm
with a 10% deduction) Thursday, March 15th? will be recorded as your grade for this weekly milestone.
Note: We may use different values in the Config.java for testing.
Milestone 1 Sample run: Milestone1.txt (interleaved input and output) [Milestone1In.txt, Milestone1Out.txt]
Project designed by Marc Renault.
Last update: 2018-03-13 2 of 6
Milestone 2: Placing Ships
1. Best practice: ?Start by writing the tests.
a. Using the testCoordAlphaToNum method as template, write test methods with at least 2
tests in your test bench to test the checkWater and placeShip methods.
b. OPTIONAL: This is not required for the BP1 assignment, but ideally you would also create test
methods for addShip, printBoard, and placeRandomShip. Some of these methods
require a Scanner object and a Random object. To do the automated testing, you can create a
Scanner object from a String and a Random object from a specific seed.
2. In this milestone, you will implement the methods: checkWater, placeShip,
placeRandomShip, printBoard, and addShip. The suggested approach is as follows:
a. First implement checkWater.
i. Use the test bench to check your method.
ii. Once it passes your test bench, submit to zyBooks to see if you pass zyBooks test 1.
b. Then, implement placeShip, use the test bench to check your method, and submit to zyBooks
to see if you pass zyBooks test 2.
c. Then, implement placeRandomShip, and submit to zyBooks to see if you pass zyBooks test
3.
d. Finally, implement printBoard, and addShip. If you implemented tests, use your test bench
to test.
3. With the supporting methods written, you can update the main method to place ships on the game
boards. For Milestone 2, an algorithm for the main method is:
Begin the play again loop
Call promptInt for the “board height”, where the minimum value is
Config.MIN_HEIGHT and the maximum value is Config.MAX_HEIGHT.
Call promptInt for the “board width”, where the minimum value is Config.MIN_WIDTH
and the maximum value is Config.MAX_WIDTH, followed by a newline.
Using the values read in for the height and the width, create the three 2d arrays required (see
main method header for more details) and initialize them with initBoard.
Call promptInt for the “number of ships”, where the minimum value is
Config.MIN_SHIPS and the maximum value is Config.MAX_SHIPS.
For each ship (start the index of the ships from 1), call the addShip method.
If any addShip method call fails, prompt the user with “Error adding ships. Restart
game? (y/n): “, using the promptChar method.
Otherwise, if all the addShip method calls succeed, prompt the user with “Would you like
to play again? (y/n): “, using the promptChar method.
Exit the loop if the value of promptChar is not a ‘y’
4. Submit your Battleship.java? and TestBattleship.java ?files to zyBooks for feedback and grading. We
recommend you complete commenting and styling your code for each milestone as described in the
Program Grading section of this document. Your highest scoring results prior to 6:00pm or (11:59pm
with a 10% deduction) Thursday, March 22nd? will be recorded as your grade for this weekly
milestone.
Note: We may use different values in the Config.java for testing.
Milestone 2 Sample run: Milestone2.txt (interleaved input and output) [Milestone2In.txt, Milestone2Out.txt]
Project designed by Marc Renault.
Last update: 2018-03-13 3 of 6
Milestone 3: Playing the Game
1. Best practice: ?Start by writing the tests.
a. Using the testCoordAlphaToNum method as template, write test methods with at least 2
tests in your test bench to test the takeShot and checkLost methods.
b. OPTIONAL: This is not required for the BP1 assignment, but ideally you would also create test
methods for shootPlayer, and shootComputer.
2. In this milestone, you will implement the methods: takeShot, checkLost, shootPlayer, and
shootComputer. The suggested approach is as follows:
a. First, implement takeShot, test, then submit to zyBooks to see if you pass zyBooks test 1.
b. Then, implement checkLost, test, then submit to zyBooks to see if you pass zyBooks test 2.
c. Finally, implement shootPlayer, and shootComputer.
3. With the supporting methods written, you can update the main method to play the game. For Milestone
3, an algorithm for the main method is:
Begin the play again loop
Call promptInt for the “board height”, where the minimum value is
Config.MIN_HEIGHT and the maximum value is Config.MAX_HEIGHT.
Call promptInt for the “board width”, where the minimum value is Config.MIN_WIDTH
and the maximum value is Config.MAX_WIDTH, followed by a newline.
Using the values read in for the height and the width, create the three 2d arrays required (see
main method header for more details) and initialize them with initBoard.
Call the promptInt for the “number of ships”, where the minimum value is
Config.MIN_SHIPS and the maximum value is Config.MAX_SHIPS.
For each ship (start the index of the ships from 1), call the addShip method.
If any addShip method call fails, prompt the user with “Error adding ships. Restart
game? (y/n): “, using the promptChar method.
Otherwise, if all the addShip method calls succeed, run the game loop until there is a winner:
○ Display the game boards and start with the user by calling shootPlayer
○ Use checkLost to verify if the player has won. If so, print out “Congratulations,
you sunk all the computer’s ships!”, terminated by a new line, followed by
the game boards.
○ If the user has not won, call shootComputer and check if the computer has won. If so,
print out “Oh no! The computer sunk all your ships!”, terminated by a new
line, followed by the game boards.
After the game, prompt the user with “Would you like to play again? (y/n): “,
using the promptChar method.
Exit the loop if the value of promptChar is not a ‘y’ from either promptChar call.
4. Submit your Battleship.java? and TestBattleship.java ?files to zyBooks for feedback and grading. We
recommend you complete commenting and styling your code for each milestone as described in the
Program Grading section of this document. Your highest scoring results prior to 6:00pm or (11:59pm
with a 10% deduction) Thursday, April 5th? will be recorded as your grade for this weekly milestone
and used for the human grading.
Note: We may use different values in the Config.java for testing.
Milestone 3 Sample run: SampleFinal.txt (interleaved input and output) [SampleFinalIn.txt, SampleFinalOut.txt]
Project designed by Marc Renault.
Last update: 2018-03-13 4 of 6
Appendix
Debugging Tips
Write your tests first!
Compile, run tests and run the program often! Think about doing this with each code change and each
completed method.
Do your tests cover a breadth (ideally all) of possible scenarios?
Do your tests check the boundary or edge cases?
Do your tests cover valid, but unexpected, inputs?
Make use of print statements! Think about printing out the computer primary board for debugging
purposes.
Random Shot Algorithm
In the shootComputer method, the heuristic used by the computer is simply targeting a random cell.
Moreover, the random procedure doesn’t even limit its choices to cells that have yet to be targeted (which
would be a natural way to speed up the running time of this algorithm). During your tests, unless you are
extremely (un)lucky, you will never notice any delay in the computer picking a cell to target. Some natural
questions to consider are: Could there be a long delay? And, how long will it take to randomly pick an
untargeted cells when most have already been targeted?
Since it is a random process, it is possible to experience a long delay (more than a second or two), but such an
event has an extremely low probability (essentially 0). The reason is essentially due to the answer to the
second question of “how long will it take to randomly pick an untargeted cells when most have already been
targeted?” Let’s consider the worst case: there is one remaining untargeted cell and it will be the last one we
choose randomly. How long do we expect this to take? This problem is called the Coupon Collector’s problem
and it will take, on average, around n ln(n) random draws to have drawn each cell at least once. That means,
in a 10 by 10 grid with 100 cells, we would expect to have drawn every cell at least once after about 460 draws
which happens very quickly on a computer. A 100 by 100 grid with 10000 cells is still only about 92200 draws
which still happens very quickly on an average computer today that can process 50000 million instructions per
second or more.
Extensions
The are many ways your might consider improving this Battleship program. If you are interested in pursuing
these extensions or others that you might think of, please submit your fully completed Milestone 3 before
attempting any extensions. The instructional staff would be happy to review your extensions with you or
answer questions regarding extensions, but do not submit your extensions?.
Some possible extensions would be:
Better Interface: The interface is very simple and it could be improved. In particular, it might be nice to
provide direct feedback on hits and misses; or to have the game boards side-by-side.
Smarter AI: The computer player uses the simplest possible heuristic. Its game play could be improved
significantly by:
○ Reacting to hits: After a hit, the computer could target the adjacent cells.
○ Improved searching strategy: It has been shown that, when searching for targets on a plane, the
best strategy is a spiral search pattern.
Project designed by Marc Renault.
Last update: 2018-03-13 5 of 6
Multiplayer: Add in an option to play with a friend! The easiest would be to base it on the honour system
where each player turns away from the screen when the other player is placing a ship or taking a shot.
Change Log
Initial version: 2018-02-27
Corrected second link to Team Form: 2018-03-02
Added missing details to Smarter AI in Extensions in the Appendix: 2018-03-13
Project designed by Marc Renault.
Last update: 2018-03-13 6 of 6
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